The recent rise in the cost of petrol and diesel shows just how
exposed Australia is to the world price for oil. Oil and petrol imports are
surging as Australia’s local oil fields dry up. The latest figures indicate that
the nation’s crude oil production has dropped by 44%, to the point where we are
now producing 60-65% of what we consume. Predictably, there are screams from all
affected users, asking for the excise to be reduced, for subsidies to promote
the use of ethanol or LPG and so on. All of which ignores the fact that
Australian petrol is about the fourth cheapest among developed nations.
In truth, this problem has been coming for a long time and will
only continue to get much worse as nations like China and India ramp up their
economic development and their consumption of energy. So what should we do to
cope with the rising cost of petrol? Most people are already doing it – using
their cars less or buying smaller, more fuel-efficient cars. This is the market
economy in action! Hybrid (petrol or diesel + electric) vehicles don’t really
come into the picture for most people because they are simply too expensive
compared to their petrol-driven equivalents.
Clearly, the Federal government’s plan to subsidise the cost of
LPG conversions for cars will do very little. Even if 50,000 drivers a year were
able to convert to LPG, it would still only benefit a minority of motorists. LPG
(liquefied petroleum gas) is also a limited resource, as it is a byproduct of
oil refining. In the short term, most drivers are going to have to bear the pain
of paying more.
In the long term, the solution to Australia’s road transport
fuel costs is the same as for our electricity generation – a move to natural
gas. We have enormous reserves of natural gas and rather than selling it all to
China, Japan, etc, we should be using more of it at home. Apart from its greatly
reduced cost, natural gas-powered vehicles have almost the same fuel efficiency
as for petrol and diesel. Nor is the conversion to CNG (compressed natural gas)
much different to that for LPG. In fact CNG-powered vehicles are already
available in the USA. If the USA can do it, why can’t we? In fact, some
CNG-powered buses have been used in Australia since 1994.
Another advantage for CNG is that it can be easily made
available throughout the major cities of Australia – the pipelines are already
in place. All the government has to do is to mandate that all vehicles sold in
the future must have the option of being powered by CNG.
Clearly, while most people want to escape the prospect of
higher petrol prices, there is no ready and cheap alternative, whether it is
electric, hybrid, more public transport or whatever. In the long run, there is a
fair chance that your future vehicle will be CNG-powered.
Entries for Technology Awards closing soon
Entries for the above awards (see page 89) will close very
soon, so if you or your school or university are thinking of entering, time is
running out. In fact we are extending the deadline by two weeks to October 16th.
The winners will be announced in the December 2006 issue. Entry requirements are
(1)A description of the project in no more than 1000
(2)Full circuit and wiring diagrams, performance plots,
(3)Good quality photographs to show all visual aspects of the
(4)Details of software.
Get your entries in now! You or your school could be the